IMI/Publicaţii/CSJM/Ediţii/CSJM v.24, n.3 (72), 2016/

Natural Language Processing versus Logic. Pros and cons on the dispute whether logic is useful in the computational interpretation of language

Authors: Dan Cristea
Keywords: natural language processing (NLP), logic theories in NLP, statistical approaches, symbolic versus statistical approaches in NLP.


In this essay I express some personal opinions regarding the influence that logic has on modern approaches to process natural language in artificial systems. I start by presenting some successful linguistic formalisms that were originated in logic, arguing why logic is important in conveying the meaning of language expression. Then, I counterbalance the argumentation with a number of examples where logic is impuissant to mirror language usage, finally supporting a rather temperate opinion about the usefulness of logic to formalise low level linguistic processes and about the limits of language formalisation.

"Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University of Iasi,
Faculty of Computer Science and
Romanian Academy, Institute for Computer Science,

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